The past five years for China have been truly momentous and remarkable. What achievements has China made in economic and social development? Here are some highlights.
China's economic development reached a new level
China's GDP increased to 121 trillion yuan (about $17.5 trillion), registering an annual growth rate of 5.2 percent during the period. Besides, more than 12.7 million new urban jobs were created annually.
China achieved a complete victory in poverty eradication on schedule
With eight years of efforts, close to 100 million poor rural residents and a total of 832 impoverished counties were lifted out of poverty.
Fruitful gains were made in sci-tech innovation
Fruitful gains were made in scientific and technological innovation, with spending on R&D increasing from 2.1 percent to over 2.5 percent of GDP and the contribution of scientific and technological progress to economic growth exceeding 60 percent.
China's economic structure was further optimized
Digital economy continued to grow in strength. The value-added output of new industries and new business forms and models accounted for over 17 percent of GDP. The urbanization rate of permanent residents increased from 60.2 percent to 65.2 percent.
China further upgraded its infrastructure
The length of in-service high-speed railways reached 42 thousand kilometers and that of expressways 177 thousand kilometers. Besides, a total of 1.25 million kilometers of rural roads were built or upgraded with all administrative villages connected to broadband Internet services.
China deepened reform and opening up across the board
China deepened reform and opening up across the board to create a new pattern of development, made new solid progress in high-quality the Belt and Road cooperation, and built the world's largest free trade area. Besides, China's total imports and exports of goods exceeded 40 trillion yuan with an annual average increase of 8.6 percent, ranking first in the world for many years in a row.
China's ecological environment was significantly improved
The ecological environment was significantly improved as energy consumption per unit of GDP dropped by 8.1 percent, and carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP fell by 14.1 percent. Besides, over 9 thousand protected natural areas of various types and levels have been established.
People's living standards rose steadily
People's living standards rose steadily, with per capita disposable income growing generally in step with economic growth and 1.05 billion people included in the endowment insurance system. Besides, almost 100 million poverty-stricken people were relocated from inhospitable areas.